Back in 1960 Douglas McGregor who was an American social psychologist , management professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management and president of Antioch College , published the book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’ in which he  talk for the first time about ‘X/Y’ theory.

which stat  that manager’s individual assumptions about human nature and behavior determined how individual manages their employees. Theory x based on strict supervision, penalties and external rewards  while theory y based in motivation and encourage employee to work with minimum supervision and give them the maximum trust .

Theory x

In simple words this theory based on employee is lazy most of them don’t like to go to work and when they come they don’t do there best, so to force them you should threat them with punishment ,  we are speak about result ordinated manager ,usually tough  and most of the time have no interest in the human issue or there problems  , as example if someone come to this boss with personal issue probably he will not have any sympathy .


Theory Y

On the other hand in theory Y manager believe that people are naturally hard working we can give them free hand to do their job and they do it perfect without any supervisor they don’t feel that they should threat them with punishment and they feel that people will love to have responsibility

Now I know that some people will love one of the above style , and if you are employee you will love to have only theory y manager ,but in general both way is not opposite that what  McGregor said by him self the efficient


Now if you are a manager you should ask your self are you X or Y?


Wait there is nothing here wrong or right  management should combined both theory depends on the situation and general atmosphere .



One thought on “Theory X and Theory Y”

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